Gut microbiota, a gathering of 1014 bacteria, eukaryotes and virus living in the gastrointestinal tract, is vital for some physiological procedures. In particular, it assumes a vital part in immune and inflammatory responses. A few internal and external elements can impact bacteria in your gut and have been exhibited to contribute and influence different diseases.
Digestive tracts of humans and animals contain a vast network of microorganisms called gut-microbiota. These microorganisms are useful in physiologic activities such as digestion, epithelial homeostasis, and improvement of gut-related lymphoid tissues. Also, they can use bile acids and xenobiotics (similar to probiotics) and can also boost Vitamin B and Vitamin K in the body. Their antigens and their metabolic products can fortify the creation of cytokines against potential pathogens.
Human gut microbiota has the largest number of bacteria when compared to the body’s other areas. Over 1,000 archaea, eukaryote, and viruses are found in the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The creation of the gut microbiome changes with each person’s age. It starts from the placenta, amniotic liquid, umbilical cord blood, and meconium while all take shape when in utero. The placental microbiota can influence the development and survival of the embryo and different postnatal pathologies. Preterm birth may have long-term outcomes for the development of immune-mediated diseases (bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis).
During birth, there is a vertical microbiome transmission, where the infants are exposed to vaginal microorganisms like Lactobacillus and Prevotella. As an infant, breast milk and formula impact the colonization of bacteria. In the first years of the baby’s life (2-3 years), the introduction of food brings about new bacteria, while other types are introduced during puberty as a result of hormonal changes.
This procedure of microbiome development happens in tandem with the improvement of host organs, including the digestive system. As the digestive tract lengthens with age, microbiota is able to grow and diversify in the new space. After birth, around 100 bacterial species are found in the digestive tract. During growth and development as a child, and into adulthood, the number and variety of bacteria continue to grow and evolve.
The human intestinal microbiota, including trillions of microorganisms, has a huge impact on each person. A disturbance in the microbial structure of the gut has been related with numerous metabolic, inflammatory, neurodevelopmental, and neurodegenerative issues. Diet is one of a few key factors that shape the microbial synthesis Here is a look at the potential impact of a diet on the gut microbial structure and how it affects the body:
The Mediterranean Diet
The Mediterranean Diet is considered by numerous individuals as a standout amongst the most popular diets around, with many studies guaranteeing that it is useful for the heart. New research, in any case, recommends that the diet could be useful for the gut, as well. A study found that a Mediterranean diet essentially expanded the wealth of “good” bacteria in the guts of monkeys, contrasted with a Western diet.
The Mediterranean Diet fundamentally consists of natural products, vegetables, grains, nuts, fish, and poultry. It also limits red meat and recommends alcohol like red wine in moderation.
Various studies have hailed the health advantages of a Mediterranean Diet. An ongoing study that was accounted for by Medical News Today, for instance, connected the diet to a lower risk of prostate cancer, while other research guarantees that this can promote heart health and help with those are diabetic.
Lactobacillus Increased in the Gut
How did research come up with this conclusion? It was done by studying a group of 20 monkeys. For 30 months, the monkeys were randomized to one of two diets: a Mediterranean Diet or a Western diet. Both of these diets contained a similar number of calories.
The Mediterranean Diet included fish oil, olive oil, margarine, egg, fish meal, wheat flour, black beans, garbanzo beans, fruit puree, vegetable juice, and sucrose.
The Western Diet was comprised of grease, butter, cholesterol, eggs, meat fat, high-fructose corn syrup, and sucrose.
While the monkeys fed the Western diet experienced a 0.5 percent increase in the amount of “good” bacteria in their gut, the helpful gut bacteria of monkeys fed the Mediterranean Diet increased by up to 7 percent!
It’s safe to say that there is a good reason why the Mediterranean Diet is so well-regarded within the dieting community. Beyond just the well-known health benefits, it can be a great boost to your gut microbiota as well!